Clayderman was a child prodigy at tickling the ivories, accompanying in his youth celebrated French crooners Johnny Hallyday (born Jean-Philippe Léo Smet, 1943–2017) and Michel Sardou, as well as working as a bank clerk to make ends meet, before achieving fame with the song Ballade pour Adeline, composed by Paul de Senneville and Olivier Toussaint in 1976. Pagès’ name was changed to Clayderman (his great-grandmother’s surname) for the release of the single to avoid mispronunciation of his real name by audiences abroad.
Eschewing traditional musical forms, Karlheinz Stockhausen began composing in the early 1950s and produced 376 performable works, and is renowned for his groundbreaking experimental work in electronic music, for introducing controlled chance (aleatory techniques or aleatoric musical techniques) into serial composition, and for musical spatialization or Raummusik [German, lit. “space music”].
- Music in which some element of the composition is left to chance
- Projection and localisation of sound sources in physical or virtual space or sound’s spatial movement in space